Collectivism – individuals are part of a group and the needs of the group come before the individual. EASTERN AND WESTERN PHILOSOPHY The subject of philosophy has always been divided along two lines of thinking – the eastern and the western. During the period of hundred day’s reform, which happened in China in 1898, Kang YouWei, who is the leader of this reform, spread his ideas of reform by annotating Confucius classics (Karl and Zarrow, 2002). Western Versus Eastern Medicine "Simply stated, Western philosophy isolates and forces therapeutic actions to take place in the body. In one way the author is right and in another they are wrong. Top Answer. Want to help ERB? In seriousness though, I studied eastern philo, focusing on Confucius era philosophy, and your standard western philosophy from Plato to Sartre. All you need to do is fill out a short form and submit an order. Similarly, Plato, who is a representative figure of ancient Greek philosophy, also offered his political opinions, which is highly related to his theory of forms. APA MLA Harvard Chicago ASA IEEE AMA. However, the way it has gone about this has been intriguingly different. The wise are happy; the good endure” (Confucius and James, 2010). 2009-03-18 03:18:12 2009-03-18 03:18:12. The most often cited difference is that western philosophy is 'fragmentary' while eastern philosophy is 'holistic'. Eastern and Western philosophy need to learn from each other, as it is the only way to recognize the advantages and disadvantages of themselves. Eastern and Western philosophy need to learn from each other, as it is the only way to recognize the advantages and disadvantages of themselves. Line-wise, this battle is the longest so far, with 64 lines. For westerners society seems to largely result from human action whilst for the easterners existence is "somehow" there to be contemplated. As Hamilton and Webster (2009) states in their book about culture difference “Difference in approach can also be seen in negotiations.иWesterners expect to focus on contentious issues and try to achieve the most beneficial outcomes for themselves. Eastern philosophy is a great deal more popular than its Western counterpart. Meanwhile, Western philosophy focuses on ethics. If you need this or any other sample, we can send it to you via email. / LAO TZU, SUN TZU, AND CONFUCIUS! In the ancient period, both Eastern and Western philosophers played the role of policy maker. A Comparison between Eastern and Western Philosophy. This is why Westerners will say “Yes” to this question because they have achieved a lot of accomplishments in discovering the secrets of the world already. All of these principles are highly related to social life since Dong believes the core of philosophy is humanity and the society needs to be ordered by regulating people’s social life. This is a fascinating idea which not only led to India’s independence during the Indian independence movement, but also inspired movements for freedom and civil rights around the world, including the American Civil Rights Movement, a non-violent resistance led by Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Gandhi’s ideas of non-violent resistance are so widely known and appreciated that the United Nations General Assembly dedicated October 2nd, his birthday, as annual International Day of Non-Violence (UN News Centre, 2007). UN News Service. Everything we do is colored by our perspective, which is formed by our daily experiences. Philosophy: The power of ideas (7th ed. While Easterners pay attention to the balance of the inner world, Westerners are trying to conquer the outside world. You can get your custom paper from Russell’s pacifism was so strong that he even served half a ear in prison for his beliefs. (1950). On the other hand, Russell, seems to have had less belief in the institution or at least the belief that the marriage commitment was meant to be permanent because he was divorced twice before marrying his third and final wife. Answer. Wiki User Answered . / BEGIN! As Windelband (1956) cites homer “The natural link of the three great continents was this sea, with its islands and coasts occupied by the most gifted of people, which from the earliest historical times had settled all its coasts.” As a result, most Western countries are highly commercialized and industrialized. Apart from geographical locations, these two parts of the world have differences in their way of life and the approach to life in general. When it comes to philosophy, Eastern philosophers take an individual inner world as starting point and put the principles of social life at the first place while Westerners will speculate on it from a universal perspective and try to figure out the principles behind the world. The fix for ignorance is, of course, education or learning. Eastern philosophy vs Western philosophy? (The Western team states that it is obvious the Eastern team isn't on the same level of intelligence as them.) asp? Curious about the Western world vs the Eastern world? It cannot, by its very definition, consider that humans have both physical and non-physical essences. Philosophy is often divided into two very broad categories, Eastern philosophy and Western philosophy. ” (Moore & Bruder, 2008, p. 226). We're better thinkers, better speakers, better lovers, better men! Eastern Philosophers vs Western Philosophers Lyrics: EPIC RAP BATTLES OF HISTORY! The eastern and western philosophies are identical to a large extent and the critics only point out the small differences in the specific philosophy and wording. The following information represents the differing approaches to historical philosophies of Eastern and Western health practices. We all have a belief that he different philosophy will melt with each other rather than against in the future. (The Nobel Foundation, 1950). But if you ask a Chinese the same question, you would get the reply like: “I don’t know.” or “Does it matter?” The reason behind it is the difference between Eastern and Western philosophy. In case you can’t find a sample example, our professional writers are ready to help you with writing The leaders of this reform set up their own theories of society and pointed their arrows toward feudal class directly (Dora, 1979), which is extremely different from Kang’s approach. Get Your Custom Essay on, Eastern and Western Philosophers Comparison, By clicking “Write my paper”, you agree to our, By clicking Send Me The Sample you agree on the, Western and Eastern Culture: An Essential Comparison, Comparison between the Eastern and western approaches to design, Eastern Worldview and Philosophy in Eastern Pantheistic Monism, Difference Between Eastern and Western Architecture, https://graduateway.com/eastern-and-western-philosophers-comparison/, Get your custom Without a strong back catalogue, Netflix knows it must keep investing in original content to survive, an extremely costly endeavour. As Fung (1984) states that from a philosophical perspective, the highest achievement a man could realize is to be a sage and the daily task of dealing with social affairs in human relations is a part of the process of being a sage. But for most Easterners they pay more attention to their daily life and relationships with others, which make them cannot respond to this question with a certain answer. Does that mean there is no methodology in Eastern philosophy? References Moore, B. N. , & Bruder, K. (2008). That is truly a testament to his peace loving way of life and the influence it has had on the rest of the world. Retrieved from http://www. Retrieved from https://graduateway.com/eastern-and-western-philosophers-comparison/, This is just a sample. Indian philosophy. ” (Moore & Bruder, 2008, p. 226) and he defended these passions or beliefs even when it meant going to jail for what he believed. In contras, Western philosophy has a set of theories of reasoning (like syllogism and deductive reasoning), which can form people’s decisive mind habit. Nisbett points out that Western philosophers emphasised freedom and independence, whereas Eastern traditions like Taoism tended to focus on … Nobel Lectures. Philosophy is often divided into two very broad categories, Eastern philosophy and Western philosophy. One of the main differences between the two is that Gandhi believed in God or a greater power and Russell did not. org/apps/news/story. / VERSUS! Culture differences are a very hot topic in business as well as at holiday parties. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy, The input space is limited by 250 symbols. / … Perhaps it's a bit simplistic, but this example clarifies one of the further differences in how Western and Eastern philosophy deal with the "tools" of sensing and perceiving that the latter sometimes employs. Cite this essay. Though that seems like a really deep subject and perhaps to some an assault on western philosophy I really only have a couple of things to comment on. The distinction between Western and Eastern is of course somewhat arbitrary and artificial, and in some respects even misleading.For example, Indian and Chinese philosophies are at least as distinct from each other as they are from Western Philosophy. It is noticeable to point out that while the Confucians’ political view is based on human nature since they take individual citizen as the basic unit of society, Platonism tries to analyze the structure of a state from a general perspective, which is focus on a general perspective. I enjoyed studying both as, actually, they are all dealing with the same issues. Eastern culture uses the spiritual and missionary approach of searching inside oneself for answers through meditation whereas western culture takes on a pragmatic and emotional approach in searching outside oneself through research and analysis. Eastern philosophy or Asian philosophy includes the various philosophies that originated in East and South Asia including Chinese philosophy, Indian philosophy (including Buddhist philosophy, Jain philosophy, Sikh philosophy), Japanese philosophy, and Korean philosophy which are dominant in East and Southeast Asia. It isn't the case that Eastern thought focuses itself wholly on what those of us in Western philosophy might deem mysticism. By and large, cultures in the West tend to be more individualistic whereas people from the East are more collectivist. Today we bring a guest writer, Lim Chuwei from Hong Kong, to share about this East/West debate. ). Boston: McGraw-Hill Higher Education. This shows that geography plays a significantly important role in the development of philosophy. One of the greatest reasons for the difference between Eastern and Western philosophy is geography. The main difference between eastern and western ethics is the fact that Western Ethics is about finding truth, whereas Eastern Ethics are very much about the protocol, and showing of That’s why the sayings and behaviors of a sage can be the best philosophy lesson for Easterners—because they are specific and comprehendible. Sorry, but copying text is forbidden on this website. “Gandhi, of course, is known everywhere for his use of nonviolence to help attain political freedom for India and for striving to instill a sense of self-respect in all human beings. Eastern culture bel… (Moore & Bruder, 2008, p. 226) Additionally, Russell strongly believed in education and, “thought that without a proper education a person is caught in the prison of prejudices” (Moore & Bruder, 2008, p. 226). The difference between the methodology of Eastern and Western philosophy is also a big concern. This is a very interesting, and in my opinion accurate, assessment. However, for Western philosophers, they are inclined to put the origin of all things in the universe at first place, and then analyze how the world works. 2. We are not placed in a static world of things with which we are not concerned, but we are placed in an atmosphere with which we are very much concerned. Let’s move back to the question at the beginning—“Is the world around us knowable?” The different answers toward it imply the real reasons behind the differences between Eastern and Western philosophy and that is the ways they look the world. East Vs West. The philosopher that says each quality is also significant. / NIETZSCHE, SOCRATES, AND VOLTAIRE! Western and Eastern Educational Philosophies Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Because the understanding from a single side is always partial, the purpose of this paper is to illustrate the major differences between the focus and methodology of Eastern and Western philosophy traditions and explain the possible causes behind it. Generally speaking, the two main sources of Eastern philosophy—China and India—are agriculture countries. Success is based on how much one walks his path without hurting others. Help, Use multiple resourses when assembling your essay, Get help form professional writers when not sure you can do it yourself, Use Plagiarism Checker to double check your essay, Do not copy and paste free to download essays. The fact is the methodology of Eastern and Western philosophy is extremely different from each other and we cannot use the definition of Western philosophy to judge Eastern philosophy. (2018, Feb 11). Both the differences of emphasis and methodology can be explained from this perspective. Spoken on December 30. th, 1973. Eastern philosophy consists mainly of Asian philosophies such as the Indian philosophies of Buddhism and Hinduism, the Japanese philosophies of Zen Buddhism and the samurai tradition, and the Chinese philosophies of Confucianism, Taoism and Ch’an Buddhism (Moore & Bruder, 2008, p. 525). Primarily this is because of my personal view of the distinction between the philosophies of Eastern philosophers and Western philosophers. Many, if not most, people would surely see differences between how western and how eastern philosophy approach the actualities of human existence. The objective view of what things realistically are right now. The popular writer Sankara Saranam, author of the book God Without Religion , is one example of this when he claims that eastern philosophy is concerned with general knowledge while western philosophy aims at specific knowledge. UN declares 2 October, Gandhi’s birthday, as International Day of Non-Violence. Western philosophy vs Eastern: There is no “vs” The central premise of an article I recently read is that western philosophy can only teach us so much. The difference is the “I” of the West, and the “We” of the East, as one focuses on finding truth and … The Peritoneal Cavity Part I: Abdominal Sonography…, Innovation and Creativity CLASS ASSIGNMENTS 1.…, Assignment “Western World Theory” • Write a paper…, Assessment 1: Individual essay (2000 words -/+ 10%)…, 430 Chapter 17 Death and Dying Case 17-1 When…, Your assignment is to prepare and submit a paper on…, Please read the case study Global Attribution. (2007, June 15). A Western philosopher I believe made a compelling case for his ideas is Bertrand Russell. your own paper. Asked by Wiki User. As for Plato, the structure of a state is similar to a human body. Nietzsche … These philosophers are similar in that they both believed in peace as opposed to war and violence, and were willing to suffer whatever consequence necessary to get their messages of peace out to the world. Dong Zhongshu, who is one of the most successful Confucian in political area in Chinese history (as his theories had been taken as the general embodiment of the policy of running the country), put forward the “Three cardinal guides (ruler guides subject, father guides son and husband guides wife)” and “Five constant virtues (benevolence righteousness, propriety, wisdom and fidelity)” to help emperor Wu to strengthen his domination (Queen, 1996). WESTERN vs. EASTERN PHILOSOPHY Have you ever wondered about the differences between Eastern and Western philosophies? Additionally, both men were born into distinguished families. While Easterners pay attention to the balance of the inner world, Westerners are trying to conquer the outside world. As Easterners do not have a system of principles and methods to solve problems, they take the principles of social life as methodology, which can be summarized as doctrine of the mean. Although he believed that God did not exist, which I do not, he also had many ideas which I agree with and find very interesting. 3 4 5. "You must agree to out terms of services and privacy policy", Don't use plagiarized sources. The different answers toward it imply the real reasons behind the differences between Eastern and Western philosophy and that is the ways they look the world. On the music streaming platforms, the battle is titled "Philosophers East vs West". As agriculture activities are regular and predicable, Easterners prefer to believe past experience rather than abstract principles. Innovation and breakthrough are always greatly required, which means only the theories based on logic and reasoning can be valued. This battle features a preview of Sh… The Divine Life Society . It is an ignorance of the … Eastern view adds to that the observation that A has future potentials. For another instance, both Eastern and Western world had experienced a lot of reforms, but the leader of the reform would take totally different approaches. Valluvar. The idea of a distinct “Eastern” philosophy as opposed to a distinct “Western” philosophy is, disputably, a vast over simplification and inaccurate rendering of an extremely complex relationship between the two. In contrast, the Japanese prefer to discuss areas of agreement, with the expectation that harmony will lead to the resolution of details.” In other words, as a result of putting high value on social relationship, the methodology of Eastern philosophy comes from predecessors’ experiences and people chronically take other’s feeling into consideration, whereas Westerners usually take themselves as starting points, advocate independent and rational thoughts as well. 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