Theism is part of this universal approach, but not an exclusive monotheism, and it exists along with many other approaches personal and impersonal, including not only in religion but also in art, philosophy, and science. The Role of the Spiritual Heart and Self-Inquiry Hinduism does not teach any final heaven or hell, or salvation by belief or works, such as most monotheistic traditions promote. Emotions are based in instincts,... Space-time in Modern Physics and in Vedic Thought Whereas a traveler of spiritual path, follower of teachings contained in Bhagavad Gita and Upanishads considers Hinduism to be monotheistic. Buddhism, a related dharmic tradition to Hinduism, does not recognize any God or creator apart from karma. Michelle. There are many important thinkers, philosophers, scientists and artists in the West who have long criticized or rejected monotheism. Such a One God is a “singularity,” a one opposed to others, not a universality that embraces all. Second, if Hinduism is not monotheistic, the general implication is that Hinduism must be polytheistic, meaning heathen, pagan, primitive, superstitious and idolatrous. 1074458. Nothing Polytheistic here. KNOW MORE >>, The Yoga of Consciousness: From Waking, Dream and Deep Sleep Self-realization Paperback, Yogini Shambhavi Devi is one of the most important and dynamic women teachers of the deeper aspects of Yoga coming out of India today. From spirituality point of view... as per sacred Bhagavad Gita Hinduism is polytheistic. Some Hindu and Yogic groups have proclaimed that they are also monotheistic, implying a belief in One God, perhaps also one book and one savior, though this may be a Hindu formulation of deity, a Hindu book as scripture, or a great Hindu teacher as the one savior or prophet. As per Advaita Vedanta doctrine of Hinduism God Almighty is one and only one. Can someone clarify this? The term “Hinduism” embraces a wide array of philosophies and practices, and while certain Hindus may think and worship in an essentially monotheistic way, the practices of others may be more readily labeled polytheistic or pantheistic. How to use monotheistic in a sentence. It should be noted at the outset, however, that this is chiefly a western difficulty: the Indian mind is much more inclined to regard divergent views as complementary rather than competing. Incidentally, it is very important to talk about what Hinduism is not because that is easier to do and also easier for a non-Hindu to grasp because its complexities will become clearer that way. Even though Hinduism is mistakenly regarded by many as a religion having many gods namely, polytheism, yet truly speaking Hinduism is a monotheistic religion. In short, Hinduism is monotheistic, with one Supreme Being. First they should study them carefully and listen to what the main texts and teachers of monotheistic traditions are actually saying. Such “exclusive monotheism” rejects the worship of the One Reality according to different names and forms.   Hindu Yoga and Vedanta contains an understanding of higher states of consciousness, mystical insights, and an awareness of the infinite and eternal -recognizing the vast extent of the universe that appears to go far beyond monotheistic systems and their circumscribed perspectives. Connecting to Shakti we can unravel all the energies of healing - both for healing ourselves and healing others. Not surprisingly, the votaries of the One God are usually engaged in plans to convert all of humanity to their particular views, rejecting all others as inferior, out of date or wrong. Acceptance is not a one-way street. He said that Hinduism is really monotheistic because it believes in one divine spirit with many different avatars. Obscure as they are, springs of monotheism can be discerned at the very earliest levels of kn… Hindus need not try to make Hinduism appear more monotheistic in order to gain acceptance by others. I've heard that Hinduism is Monotheistic in theory but Polytheistic in Practice. Hindus accept that the Divine ( not one god )has many manifestations extending to every rock, plant, person, planet and star, from the ground on which we stand to the farthest reach of time and space and beyond. In any case, we live in a vast universe with many different individuals and cultures and a number of views on any topic are likely to always exist. Dr. David Frawley (Pandit Vamadeva Shastri) is a world-renowned teacher (Acharya) of Vedic knowledge, including Yoga, Ayurveda, Vedanta, and Jyotisha. Yet since the time of Swami Vivekananda in the late nineteenth century the deeper teachings of Hinduism have become popular and better known in the world, and have been found to contain profound mystical philosophies of Self-realization and a recognition of Consciousness as the Supreme Reality behind the universe, much like advanced trends in modern science. But these mystics have remained on the periphery of mainstream monotheistic groups and have often been rejected or oppressed by the more orthodox. Therefore, Hinduismis both monotheisticand polytheistic. ",I answered Polytheistic and she said I was wrong because they worship Brahman,So which one is it? Monism is so very different from monotheism. How can a religion that seems teeming with various gods of colourful descriptions have a belief in one Supreme? Jews and Muslims would surely say that Hinduism is polytheistic—for them, worship of anything that is … The following article by Dr David Frawley was first published by DailyO. This question of Hinduism and monotheism reflects certain preconceptions that should be carefully examined. The problem is talking interchangeably about Hindu culture and Hindu philosophy. Others have a more inclusive approach and categorise everyone who wants to be a monotheist as a monotheist." Is Hinduism monotheistic? We all share a common humanity and spirituality that we should honor, but we must also honor freedom and diversity in developing it. The supreme god of the Proto-Indo-European religion was the god *Dyḗus Pḥatḗr . Hinduism as Sanatana Dharma or the Eternal and Universal Tradition accepts all paths to truth or divinity, though it may place these on different levels. Other Hindus would equate the One God of monotheistic traditions with the One Reality, the Supreme Self of Vedantic and Yoga philosophy that is the same and equal in all beings, ignoring the fact that the One God of monotheism is part of a dualistic formulation and is not addressed as the Self of all. Bhagavan... Abstract: Raja Yoga is an ancient term found in the works of Adi Shankara. Voice: +1-505-983-9385 And these negative judgments and stereotypes of Hinduism and other traditions by the monotheists as primitive, pagan and polytheistic are also wrong. They usually reject the karma, rebirth and liberation approach of Hinduism that rests upon Yoga and meditation and cannot be achieved by belief or action alone. Such a One God is a “singularity,” a one opposed to others, not a universality that embraces all. Says another group of hindus: “We are not monotheists, because we don’t believe in a god.” Since the worldsoul and the individual soul are the same, and there is no difference between Brahman and Atman, this group emphasises that they don’t believe in a god outside of them. In Hinduism a believer of religion indulging in rituals considers Hindu religion to be polytheistic. Monotheistic iconoclasts (attacking Hindu gods and goddesses) and polytheistic idol-worshippers, however, do not mix well. Hinduism is like the great banyan tree that stands beyond all limitations and definitions. Here we will examine it according to the views of the great teacher, Shankara. Our Academic Director, Professor Francis X. Clooney, organised a series of lectures and seminars this term to look at this topic from different perspectives, including Vaishnava, Shiva, and the Goddess traditions. It is a religion that long long ago, before any other religion had appeared in this world, had discovered that there is only ONE GOD. Yet all these western philosophical terms for religion, including monotheism, are incomplete and cannot encompass the full range of Hindu teachings. Words like monotheism have been coined to describe Abrahamic religions and may not always be applicable in the Indian context. Yet one could propose to the contrary that turning Hinduism into another monotheistic faith could as likely make Hindus more vulnerable to conversion by faiths claiming to be more purely monotheistic than Hinduism could ever be. European colonial thought centuries ago judged Hinduism as polytheistic and pagan, like native and pagan traditions from throughout the world, not as monotheistic. One may also ask, is Hinduism monotheistic or polytheistic essay? *****Article Reflects our upcoming Webinar on... Yoga Nidra is a popular topic today but seldom taken to the depth that it is presented with in the Vedantic teachings. Second, if Hinduism is not monotheistic, the general implication is that Hinduism must be polytheistic, meaning heathen, pagan, primitive, superstitious and idolatrous. We live in a magical and mysterious universe pervaded by an unseen... We are all looking with deep concern about the current state of the world and what is happening... Samadhi is one of the key words of deeper Yoga practice, if not the most important. The Islamic tradition, for example, interprets monotheism as the religion of those who believe in Allah as the one true God and Mohammed as His prophet. The goddess is forever... Shiva as the Great Unknown Monotheism has its primary focus from which it seldom deviates and which usually promotes uniformity. This is not to say that one cannot find valuable teachings in monotheism, just as one can also find them in traditions called polytheistic. However, by the definition of polytheism, Hindu appears polytheistic because there are legions of Gods and Goddesses that describe aspects of … Her teachings are rooted in the ancient teachings and traditions of Bhakti Yoga, Shakti Sadhana, Jyotisha (Vedic Astrology)… KNOW MORE >>, Dr. Frawley’s books with BLOOMSBURY INDIA, Arise Arjuna: Hinduism Resurgent in a New Century, What Is Hinduism? Though there is a Hindu theism of several varieties, much profound philosophical depth and long traditions, it is part of a larger set of spiritual approaches that include most of the spiritual views and practices that staunch monotheists dread and denigrate PRIVACY POLICY: We take your take your privacy seriously. Yet like many Vedic terms it is misunderstood and hard to translate. We certainly need more... By David Frawley (Vamadeva Shastri) But hold on! Moreover, monotheism has a considerable baggage and a history that has often been intolerant, oppressive and violent. PO Box 8357, Santa Fe NM 87504, USA There has been a considerable debate extending from recent centuries to current interfaith dialogues as to whether Hinduism is a monotheistic religion, and if so whether Hinduism can perhaps be included among the great monotheistic traditions of the world. i don't mean to criticize anything really! Which aspects of our nature are emotions rooted in and how can we best understand them? Both were correct in their perception. God Almighty is addressed as Brahman, Sanatana Purusha, Parmatman, Karta, Ishwar, Bhagwan and Prabhu in Hinduism! Hinduism includes elements of what western thought might call monism, theism, pantheism and polytheism, but as part of a many sided and multileveled approached to the sacred that honors the freedom of the individual to search out the truth from all perspectives. They should not romanticize monotheism as monism or Bhakti Yoga in another form, but should be aware of the monotheistic agendas that are still adverse to them. Samkhya philosophy aims at the realization of the inner consciousness or Purusha principle but does not make any One God the basis of that. First is the idea that monotheism is a higher form, if not the highest form of religion, which is both debatable and controversial. Is Hinduism monotheistic, or polytheistic? Satya is usually rendered as “truth”, which is its closest equivalent, but... By David Frawley (Pandit Vamadeva Shastri) People are free to worship any … source There are very ancient, sophisticated and philosophically profound theistic forms of Hinduism that recognize a single creator or cosmic lord behind the universe, what we could call “Hindu Theism.” Hindu theism, however, is not exclusive but inclusive, allowing for a variety of names and forms of the deity as masculine or feminine, father or mother, as well as beyond all names and forms. He said that we can't know God completely in one way so each of us understands God in different ways. This judgment required that monotheists convert Hindus, along with all similar non-monotheistic traditions, a process that has not come to an end. These begin with the very air through which we... Raja Yoga commonly refers to the royal or higher Yoga of meditation. What do you think of the answers? This view also implies the superiority of monotheism over different formulations of the sacred that may have their own value. Hinduism emphasizes individual spiritual experience through Yoga and Vedanta over any creed or formula. By David Frawley. There has been a strong natural healing movement in the world over recent decades. Yoga Therapy is called Yoga Chikitsa. Vedic thought speaks of space as the ultimate reality with time as a movement in space. With over a billion adherents, many claim that the religion is monotheistic and helmed by the supreme being, Brahma. How then should Hindus approach monotheistic traditions? A monotheisticreligion is a religion that worships a single deity. Learn the secrets of Vedic astrology as taught releative to the healing powers of Ayurveda. As such, Rama’s return indicates the triumph of light over darkness and dharma over adharma. The One God of monotheism is not usually a unitary reality or universal truth but an exclusive being that demotes, denies or rejects all other paths or formulations of divinity. View... Take a comprehensive, yet affordable distance learning program in Ayurvedic healing, providing a... Shakti, the intrinsic grace of the Divine Mother Goddess, holds the supreme power of spiritual, psychosomatic and bodily well-being. When people ask me whether as a Hindu I believe in God or not, my reply is that I recognize a unitary consciousness behind the universe, but I do not accept the finality of any God born of human historical revelation or limited to any belief system. In this complex information technology era, particularly during current restrictive lockdowns, not only our physical immunity is challenged, so is our psychological immunity, and in a way that affects everyone on a daily basis. Emotions are most connected to Prana in yogic thought and have their roots in pranamaya kosha, the Pranic sheath or covering that mediates between body and mind. See Lectures and Seminars, Trinity Term 2004 for details of the presentations. Traditional Yoga, as defined in key Yoga texts like the Yoga Sutras and the Bhagavad Gita, is first of all a “Yoga of Consciousness”, requiring a deepening and expansion of an inner awareness. Over time, Hinduism has evolved from a polytheistic religion to one that is widely monistic. Hindus should try to find out what motivates monotheistic groups to seek to convert not only Hindus but Buddhists, Sikhs and all pagan and native groups. When asked about the outcome, Professor Clooney replied that the lectures were successful in exploring the concept of monotheism in a thorough way. The following article by Dr David Frawley was first published by DailyO Hindus believe in the one god, Parabrahman. Not only Hindus but many traditional people and ancient cultures seem to be better aware of that background but many-sided unity than what we would call organized religion. Monotheistic definition is - of, relating to, or characterized by the doctrine or belief that there is only one God. Adi Shankara or Shankaracharya is the most lauded exponent of Advaita or non-dualistic... Diwali celebrates the return of Sri Rama to Ayodhya after fourteen years of exile. In monotheism, there is belief in and worship of only one god that is a separate entity. Is Hinduism monotheistic or polytheistic? Email: vedicinstitute@gmail.com. Nor does the Jain tradition. He invited guest speakers for several of the sessions in order to hear experts on other religions like Judaism and Islam. However, as Hindus have come in contact with monotheistic traditions, particularly in countries where monotheism prevails, they have tended to emphasize a similarity between Hinduism and monotheism that is not always correct or to their advantage, and can appear to be a form of self-denigration or self-betrayal. Monotheistic systems generally hold to salvation by belief or by good works that takes the soul into some eternal heaven or paradise after birth as the highest goal, with all other souls condemned to sorrow, if not eternal damnation. But to do so, monotheistic groups must first recognize that they have not only misjudged Hinduism and pagan traditions in general but perhaps reality itself. There can be no monolithic final view of religion, philosophy, art, science, or even medicine. Modern physics speaks of three dimensions of space with time as the fourth dimension. Everyone can benefit from learning the basics of Ayurveda as part of understanding one’s body and mind, how nature works and the deeper Consciousness behind the universe. Hindus should not apologize for not being monotheistic; they should be happy that their tradition never found it helpful to become reduced to any exclusive belief system. A number of words derived from the name of this supreme deity are used in various Indo-European languages to denote a monotheistic God. Hindu philosophical schools are monotheistic except advaita. Polytheism is the belief in, and worship of more than one god. The Advaita Vedanta doctrine of Hinduism was … Hinduism draws people to individual spiritual experience beyond the boundaries of churches and dogmas, granting an inner freedom to find the truth. So far Professor Clooney has compiled a list of the criteria for a monotheistic religion to help decide whether the same conditions apply to Hinduism. Hinduism is not simply a monotheistic religion. Different traditions of Hinduism have different theistic views, and these views have been described by scholars as polytheism, monotheism, henotheism, panentheism, pantheism, monism, agnostic, humanism, atheism or Nontheism. This … It is not a mere Yoga of outer action or bodily movements, but a Yoga of meditative inquiry. Hindus worship many gods, however do you know Hinduism is a monotheistic faith in its essence? One enfolds the other. Hinduism, on the contrary, honors many paths and levels of spiritual experience, form-based and formless, personal and impersonal. ” rejects the worship of only one God is responsible for everything superiority monotheism... We... Raja Yoga over time, Hinduism is like a is hinduism monotheistic with many different gods goddesses. This, Proto-Indo-European religion itself was not monotheistic should recognize Hinduism for what it is misunderstood and to. Artists in the Indian context have been coined to describe Abrahamic religions and not. 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